What is botox cosmetic?
The appropriate use of Botox requires an understanding of the art of facial aesthetics and the science of this unique molecule. No two patients are exactly the same,and patients commonly present with baseline asymmetries. Cookbook approaches should be avoided. The mechanism of action of botox cosmetic is to decrease muscular activity by inhibiting the release of acetylcholine, which is necessary for neuromuscular transmission.
To practice the art of facial aesthetic , botox cosmetic , knowledge of the facial musculature is essential. This includes the thickness and pattern of muscle ﬁbers as well as differences in the sex and race of the patient. Men, in general, require higher doses per treatment area. Thin muscles, such as the platysma, require much lower doses than larger muscles, such as the corrugators. Patients should be evaluated for brow and lid ptosis at baseline. Asians and elderly patients may present with brow or lid ptosis at baseline, and the treatment patterns and doses of Botox utilized should minimize the chance of exacerbating such underlying conditions. A lower eyelid snap test should be performed to reveal any underlying weakness of eye-lid closure and, if present, treatment periorbitally should only proceed with caution, keeping this baseline state in mind.
botox cosmetic is FDA approved for use in the glabellar area; however, it has now been used in multiple areas.
Botox long term side effects
The cosmetic use of Botox is safe even in cases of repeated injections. On the other hand, the long-lasting cosmetic use of botulinum toxin can trigger permanent changes in facial expression, and an expressionless, mask-like face. Lack of facial animation or permanent changes in facial expression may be undesirable in some cases. For individuals who have a greater need for facial animation, who must communicate with children, for actors, and broadcasters, such an outcome may have negative professional consequences. In accordance with this, such patients should be undertreated and the physician’s strategy for a balanced botulinum toxin treatment should be shared with the patient.
In botox cosmatic for treating the glabella, botox is utilized to weaken muscles such as the bilateral corrugators, depressor supercilii, and the central procerus, which is responsible, in large part, for the glabellar lines . Often two injections are given per corrugator (which will also treat the modestly important depressor supercilii), with one or two injections in the procerus. It has also been suggested that botox treatment of the glabella region results in a slight brow lift by weakening the central frontalis effect of brow elevation and thus proportionately increasing the frontalis effect of lateral brow elevation. A more advanced technique , in which botox is used to weaken the lateral lid depressor muscles, thereby achieving a lateral
To avoid lowering the brow, the forehead, being the primary brow elevator, is most commonly treated in conjunction with the glabellar area, which is composed of primary brow depressors. When treating the forehead for the ﬁrst time, many physicians will reserve treatment of the forehead area for a two-week follow-up visit after glabellar treatment and utilize a relatively low dose to reduce the possibility of lowering the brow too much. Men particularly have lower set brows, and aggressive treatment of the forehead should be done with caution as lowering of the brow can be an unwanted result.
Treatment of crow’s feet will results in partial paralysis of the lateralorbicularis oculi. Treatment of the nasalis, to decrease the presence of bunny lines , the depressor anguli oris, to release the downward pull on the corners of the mouth the chin, to reduce dimpling ; the masseter, to reduce masseter hypertrophy and help restore mandibular angles ; and the platysma, to reduce neck rhytids, are shown. In summary, although the FDA-approved use of botox cosmetic is 20 units for the treatment of glabellar lines, there are many new and interesting uses of botox for the treatment of many different facial lines.
These uses have been described by astute clinicians, and such advanced techniques allow for facial contouring and the treatment of a variety of rhytids. A proper understanding of anatomy, the individual patient’s baseline state, and careful consideration of treatment goals are critical for optimal outcomes.
Risks of botox cosmetic are very minor . The main risks consist of headache, pain, and flu-like illness. In rare cases, there may be a drooping lid or eyebrow area.
It is important for the cosmetic surgeon to assess the patient’s lids before injecting because the patient may not be a good candidate if he or she has an extremely droopy lid to begin with or one that is held up by constantly arching the lids. Ptosis (a severe drooping of the eyelid) can happen in up to 5% of patients but is very rare if the cosmetic surgeon does this procedure often (In this author’s practice, it occurs in less than 0.01%). These complications are typically very minor occurrences and resolve with time.
Botox injection aftercare
Try to exercise your treated muscles for the 1st hour after your Botox treatment (e.g facial gestures like frowning, raising your eyebrows and squinting). This will work the injection into your muscles. Although this may help Botox procedure outcome, it will not impact on your treatment adversely if you forget to.
Do not have a facial, nor rub or massage the treated areas for 24 hours after your treatment.
Do not lie down or do strenuous exercise for 3 hours after treatment. Also, avoid any exposure to a sauna, hot tub or tanning for 4 hours.
Please be aware that some patients experience a mild headache after the Botox treatment. if this happens you take Paracetamol as needed.
Prevetion of complications
Do not take Aspirin, Ibuprofen or other anti-inflammatories or alcoholic beverages as this may increase bruising.
Any tiny bumps or marks will go away within a few hours after your Botox treatment. There is a small risk of bruising. If this does occur, it will only be temporary and can easily be covered with makeup.
Botox takes 3 to 5 days to begin to work. The botox cosmetic treatment can take up to 2 weeks to reach the completed results.
Anti-wrinkle injections are a temporary procedure and at first, you may find that your treatment results will last approximately 3 or 4 months. If you maintain your treatment appointments with the frequency recommended, the duration of each treatment result may last longer than 4 months.
Botox cosmetic and pregnancy
According to Allergan company ,if you’ve used Botox and just found out you are pregnant, it’s unlikely there’s any risk to your baby. Studies have shown that when Botox is injected into facial muscles, the small amount used is not expected to circulate throughout your body. Therefore it wouldn’t get to your baby, however checking b- HCG before botox injection ,for rulling out positive cases is essential, because botox effects on pregnancy has not been studied .
If you’re pregnant and are considering Botox injections, though, due to the lack of data, it is recommended waiting until after you deliver your baby to receive the treatment.The Botox won’t hurt the baby, but you probably won’t need it during pregnancy. Being pregnant causes your body to retain water, which usually puffs up your face and fills in all the little character lines and crow’s feet around your eyes. So being pregnant may be all the
cosmetic therapy you need.
Botox and breastfeeding
Botox cosmetic in patients who are breast feeding may cause some problems for nursing mothers . Although Botox stays in the muscle and does not migrate to the breast, there’s just no research proving this because we don’t ever run tests on pregnant women, breast feeding women, etc. so it’s definitiveness cannot be ultimately shown. There is no need to be concerned for your baby’s safety or your milk; however, it is not generally advised to do any types of injectables on women who are nursing.
Botox cosmetic cost
Botox injection is a medical procedure that requires nuance, experience and expertise. All Botox providers are not equal in education or skill and some are actually quite poor. Most Botox providers charge either by the amount of Botox used or by the region of the face treated. Shopping around for cheap Botox is not recommended. There are practitioners than offer bargain prices that are not sustainable from a business standpoint. They may be diluting their Botox or injecting less units than advertised.
Office- Based cosmetic procedures and tecnique
by SORIN EREMIA